Indicator Reference

Donchian Channel

Introduction

This indicator computes the upper and lower band of the Donchian Channel. The upper band is computed by finding the highest high over the given period. The lower band is computed by finding the lowest low over the given period. The primary output value of the indicator is the mean of the upper and lower band for the given timeframe.

Create Manual Indicators

You can manually create a DonchianChannel indicator, so it doesn’t automatically update. Manual indicators let you update their values with any data you choose. The following reference table describes the DonchianChannel constructor.

DonchianChannel()1/4

            DonchianChannel QuantConnect.Indicators.DonchianChannel (
     int  period
   )
        

Initializes a new instance of the DonchianChannel class.

DonchianChannel()2/4

            DonchianChannel QuantConnect.Indicators.DonchianChannel (
     int  lowerPeriod
   )
        

Initializes a new instance of the DonchianChannel class.

DonchianChannel()3/4

            DonchianChannel QuantConnect.Indicators.DonchianChannel (
     string  name,
     int     period
   )
        

Initializes a new instance of the DonchianChannel class.

DonchianChannel()4/4

            DonchianChannel QuantConnect.Indicators.DonchianChannel (
     string  name,
     int     lowerPeriod
   )
        

Initializes a new instance of the DonchianChannel class.

Update Manual Indicators

You can update the indicator automatically or manually.

Automatic Update

To register a manual indicator for automatic updates with the security data, call the RegisterIndicator method.


private DonchianChannel _dch;

// In Initialize()
_dch = new DonchianChannel(name, upperPeriod, lowerPeriod, period);
_dch.Updated += IndicatorUpdateMethod;

RegisterIndicator(symbol, _dch, Resolution.Daily);

// In IndicatorUpdateMethod()
if (_dch.IsReady)
{
    var indicatorValue = _dch.Current.Value;
}
    
# In Initialize()
self.dch = DonchianChannel(name, upperPeriod, lowerPeriod, period)
self.dch.Updated += self.IndicatorUpdateMethod

self.RegisterIndicator(symbol, self.dch, Resolution.Daily)

# In IndicatorUpdateMethod()
if self.dch.IsReady:
    indicator_value = self.dch.Current.Value

To customize the data that automatically updates the indicator, see Custom Indicator Periods and Custom Indicator Values.

Manual Update

Updating your indicator manually enables you to control when the indicator is updated and what data you use to update it. To manually update the indicator, call the Update method with a TradeBar, QuoteBar, or an IndicatorDataPoint. The indicator will only be ready after you prime it with enough data.

    
private DonchianChannel _dch;
private Symbol symbol;

// In Initialize()
_dch = new DonchianChannel(upperPeriod, lowerPeriod, period);
symbol = AddEquity("SPY").Symbol;

// In OnData()
if (data.QuoteBars.ContainsKey(_symbol))
{
    _dch.Update(data.QuoteBars[symbol]);
}
if (_dch.IsReady)
{
    var indicatorValue = _dch.Current.Value;
}
    
# In Initialize()
self.dch = DonchianChannel(upperPeriod, lowerPeriod, period)
self.symbol = self.AddEquity("SPY").Symbol

# In OnData()
if data.QuoteBars.ContainsKey(self.symbol):
    self.dch.Update(data.QuoteBars[self.symbol])
if self.dch.IsReady:
    indicator_value = self.dch.Current.Value

Create Automatic Indicators

The DCH method creates an DonchianChannel indicator, sets up a consolidator to update the indicator, and then returns the indicator so you can use it in your algorithm.

The following reference table describes the DCH method:

DCH()1/2

            DonchianChannel QuantConnect.Algorithm.QCAlgorithm.DCH (
    Symbol                                symbol,
    Int32                                 upperPeriod,
    Int32                                 lowerPeriod,
    *Nullable<Resolution>           resolution,
    *Func<IBaseData, IBaseDataBar>  selector
   )
        

Creates a new Donchian Channel indicator which will compute the Upper Band and Lower Band. The indicator will be automatically updated on the given resolution.

DCH()2/2

            DonchianChannel QuantConnect.Algorithm.QCAlgorithm.DCH (
    Symbol                                symbol,
    Int32                                 period,
    *Nullable<Resolution>           resolution,
    *Func<IBaseData, IBaseDataBar>  selector
   )
        

Overload shorthand to create a new symmetric Donchian Channel indicator which has the upper and lower channels set to the same period length.


If you don't provide a resolution, it defauls to the security resolution. If you provide a resolution, it must be greater than or equal to the resolution of the security. For instance, if you subscribe to hourly data for a security, you should update its indicator with data that spans 1 hour or longer.

For more information about the selector argument, see Alternative Price Fields.

Get Indicator Values

To get the value of the indicator, use its Current.Value attribute.

private DonchianChannel _dch;

// In Initialize()
var symbol = AddEquity("SPY").Symbol;
_dch = DCH(symbol, period);

// In OnData()
if (_dch.IsReady)
{
    var upperBand = _dch.UpperBand.Current.Value;
    var lowerBand = _dch.LowerBand.Current.Value;
    var current = _dch.Current.Value;
}
# In Initialize()
symbol = self.AddEquity("SPY").Symbol
self.dch = self.DCH(symbol, period)

# In OnData()
if self.dch.IsReady:
    upper_band = self.dch.UpperBand.Current.Value
    lower_band = self.dch.LowerBand.Current.Value
    current = self.dch.Current.Value

Visualization

To plot indicator values, in the OnData event handler, call the Plot method.

private DonchianChannel _dch;

// In Initialize()
var symbol = AddEquity("SPY").Symbol;
_dch = DCH(symbol, period);

// In OnData()
if (_dch.IsReady)
{
    Plot("My Indicators", "upperband", _dch.UpperBand);
    Plot("My Indicators", "lowerband", _dch.LowerBand);
    Plot("My Indicators", "donchianchannel", _dch.Current);
}
# In Initialize()
symbol = self.AddEquity("SPY").Symbol
self.dch = self.DCH(symbol, period)

# In OnData()
if self.dch.IsReady:
    self.Plot("My Indicators", "upperband", self.dch.UpperBand)
    self.Plot("My Indicators", "lowerband", self.dch.LowerBand)
    self.Plot("My Indicators", "donchianchannel", self.dch.Current)

For more information about plotting indicators, see Plotting Indicators.

You can also see our Videos. You can also get in touch with us via Discord.

Did you find this page helpful?

Contribute to the documentation: