Transaction Fees

Key Concepts

Introduction

Your orders incur a transaction fee when a brokerage fills them in the market. LEAN uses transaction fee models in backtesting to model the live trading fees you would incur with the strategy. Transaction fee models make backtest results more realistic. To give your backtests the most accurate fees, LEAN contains transaction fee models that model the fee structure of many popular brokerages.

Set Models

The brokerage model of your algorithm automatically sets the fee model for each security, but you can override it. To manually set the fee model of a security, call the SetFeeModel method on the Security object.

// In Initialize
var security = AddEquity("SPY");
security.SetFeeModel(new ConstantFeeModel(0));
# In Initialize
security = self.AddEquity("SPY")
security.SetFeeModel(ConstantFeeModel(0))

You can also set the fee model in a security initializer. If your algorithm has a dynamic universe, use the security initializer technique. In order to initialize single security subscriptions with the security initializer, call SetSecurityInitializer before you create the subscriptions.

// In Initialize
SetSecurityInitializer(CustomSecurityInitializer);
AddEquity("SPY");

private void CustomSecurityInitializer(Security security)
{
    security.SetFeeModel(new ConstantFeeModel(0));
}
# In Initialize
self.SetSecurityInitializer(self.CustomSecurityInitializer)
self.AddEquity("SPY")

def CustomSecurityInitializer(self, security: Security) -> None:
    security.SetFeeModel(ConstantFeeModel(0))

In live trading, the SetFeeModel method isn't ignored. If we use order helper methods like SetHoldings, the fee model helps to calculate the order quantity. However, the algorithm doesn't update the cash book with the fee from the fee model. The algorithm uses the actual fee from the brokerage to update the cash book.

To view all the pre-built fee models, see Supported Models.

Default Behavior

The brokerage model of your algorithm automatically sets the fill model for each security. The default brokerage model is the DefaultBrokerageModel, which set the ConstantFeeModel with no fees for Forex, CFD, and Crypto assets and sets the InteractiveBrokersFeeModel for the remaining asset classes.

Model Structure

Fee models should extend the FeeModel class. Extensions of the FeeModel class must implement the GetOrderFee method, which receives OrderFeeParameters and returns an OrderFee that represents a cash amount in a currency.

public class MyFeeModel : FeeModel 
{
    public override OrderFee GetOrderFee(OrderFeeParameters parameters) 
    {
        return new OrderFee(new CashAmount(0.5m, "USD"));
    }
}
class MyFeeModel(FeeModel):

    def GetOrderFee(self, parameters: OrderFeeParameters) -> OrderFee:
        return OrderFee(CashAmount(0.5, 'USD'))

The OrderFeeParameters object has the following members:

Negative Transaction Fees

If you short a security and receive interest payments, they are negative transaction fees.

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