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Aesera

Introduction

This page explains how to build, train, deploy and store Aesera models.

Import Libraries

Import the aesera and sklearn libraries.

from AlgorithmImports import *
import aesara
import aesara.tensor as at
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from sklearn.preprocessing import MinMaxScaler
import joblib

You need the joblib library to store models.

Create Subscriptions

In the Initializeinitialize method, subscribe to some data so you can train the sklearn model and make predictions.

# Subscribe to a security and save a reference to its symbol.
self._symbol = self.add_equity("SPY", Resolution.DAILY).symbol

Build Models

In this example, build a logistic regression prediction model that uses the following features and labels:

Data CategoryDescription
FeaturesNormalized daily close price of the SPY over the last 5 days
LabelsReturn direction of the SPY over the next day

The following image shows the time difference between the features and labels:

Follow the below steps to build the model:

1. Initialize variables.
2. # Declare Aesara's symbolic variables.
x = at.dmatrix("x")
y = at.dvector("y")

# Initialize a NumPy random number generator with a fixed seed for reproducibility.
rng = np.random.default_rng(100)

# Initialize the weight vector w randomly using share so model coefficients keep their values
# between training iterations (updates).
w = aesara.shared(rng.standard_normal(5), name="w")

# Initialize the bias term.
b = aesara.shared(0., name="b")
3. Construct the model graph.
4. # Construct the Aesara expression graph.
p_1 = 1 / (1 + at.exp(-at.dot(x, w) - b))           # Logistic transformation.
prediction = p_1 > 0.5                              # The prediction thresholded.
xent = y * at.log(p_1) - (1 - y) * at.log(1 - p_1)  # Cross-entropy log-loss function.
cost = xent.mean() + 0.01 * (w ** 2).sum()          # The cost to minimize (MSE).
gw, gb = at.grad(cost, [w, b])                      # Compute the gradient of the cost.
5. Compile the model.
6. # Define training and prediction functions with Aesara to optimize weights
# and biases during training and generate predictions.
self.train = aesara.function(
inputs=[x, y],
outputs=[prediction, xent],
# Update weights and biases.
updates=((w, w - 0.1 * gw), (b, b - 0.1 * gb)))
self.predict = aesara.function(inputs=[x], outputs=prediction)

Train Models

You can train the model at the beginning of your algorithm and you can periodically re-train it as the algorithm executes.

Warm Up Training Data

You need historical data to initially train the model at the start of your algorithm. To get the initial training data, in the Initializeinitialize method, make a history request.

# Fill a RollingWindow with 2 years of training data.
training_length = 252*2
history = self.history[TradeBar](self._symbol, training_length, Resolution.DAILY)
for trade_bar in history:
self.training_data.add(trade_bar)

Define a Training Method

To train the model, define a method that fits the model with the training data.

# Prepare feature and label data for training.
def get_features_and_labels(self, n_steps=5):

features = []
for i in range(1, n_steps + 1):
close = training_df.shift(i)[n_steps:-1]
close.name = f"close-{i}"
features.append(close)
features = pd.concat(features, axis=1)
# Normalize using the 5 day interval.
features = MinMaxScaler().fit_transform(features.T).T[4:]

Y = training_df.pct_change().shift(-1)[n_steps*2-1:-1].reset_index(drop=True)
labels = np.array([1 if y > 0 else 0 for y in Y])   # Binary class.

return features, labels

def my_training_method(self):
features, labels = self.get_features_and_labels()
D = (features, labels)
self.train(D[0], D[1])

Set Training Schedule

To train the model at the beginning of your algorithm, in the Initializeinitialize method, call the Traintrain method.

# Train the model right now.
self.train(self.my_training_method)

To periodically re-train the model as your algorithm executes, in the Initializeinitialize method, call the Traintrain method as a Scheduled Event.

# Train the model every Sunday at 8:00 AM.
self.train(self.date_rules.every(DayOfWeek.SUNDAY), self.time_rules.at(8, 0), self.my_training_method)

Update Training Data

To update the training data as the algorithm executes, in the OnDataon_data method, add the current TradeBar to the RollingWindow that holds the training data.

# Add the current bar to the training data to ensure the model trains with the most recent market data.
def on_data(self, slice: Slice) -> None:
if self._symbol in slice.bars:
self.training_data.add(slice.bars[self._symbol])

Predict Labels

To predict the labels of new data, in the OnDataon_data method, get the most recent set of features and then call the predict method.

# Get the feature set and make a prediction.
features, _ = self.get_features_and_labels()
prediction = self.predict(features[-1].reshape(1, -1))
prediction = float(prediction)

You can use the label prediction to place orders.

# Place orders based on the prediction.
if prediction == 1:
self.set_holdings(self._symbol, 1)
elif prediction == 0:
self.set_holdings(self._symbol, -1)

Save Models

Follow these steps to save sklearn models into the Object Store:

1. Set the key name you want to store the model under in the Object Store.
2. # Set the storage key to something representative.
model_key = "model"
3. Call the GetFilePathget_file_path method with the key.
4. # Get the file path to save and access the model in the Object Store.
file_name = self.object_store.get_file_path(model_key)

This method returns the file path where the model will be stored.

5. Call the dump method the file path.
6. # Serialize and save the model.
joblib.dump(self.predict, file_name)

If you dump the model using the joblib module before you save the model, you don't need to retrain the model.

You can load and trade with pre-trained sklearn models that you saved in the Object Store. To load a sklearn model from the Object Store, in the Initializeinitialize method, get the file path to the saved model and then call the load method.

# Load the trained sklearn model from the Object Store.
def initialize(self) -> None:
if self.object_store.contains_key(model_key):
file_name = self.object_store.get_file_path(model_key)
self.model = joblib.load(file_name)

The ContainsKeycontains_key method returns a boolean that represents if the model_key is in the Object Store. If the Object Store does not contain the model_key, save the model using the model_key before you proceed.

Clone Example Algorithm

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